▷ MacOS Mojave vs Windows 10

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Comparamos macOS Mojave con Windows 10 en comparación con la interfaz, la experiencia del usuario y las características.

¿Debo comprar macOS Mojave o Windows 10?

Es posible que haya leído esto para averiguar qué Windows MacOS no tiene, o qué no tiene macOS. De hecho, ambos sistemas operativos se han vuelto más y más similares en su función. Si está transfiriendo usuarios de Windows a su Mac, creemos que no se perderá nada, incluso cuando pase de macOS a Windows. Aprender un nuevo sistema operativo, sin embargo, es una decepción en cada cambio. Esto es más importante que las desventajas de los extraños. Si ya está utilizando un iPhone o iPad, creo que estará familiarizado con MacOS con Windows. Mac es una buena razón para mudarse a Mac.

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Other apps

There is a News app on both Mac and Windows 10. The News app made its way from iOS to the Mac in Mojave around the same time that Microsoft added its own news aggregator to Windows 10.

Where Apple has FaceTime Microsoft has Skype (which they bought back in 2011). Skype isn’t installed by default though. You can add 24 people to a group call on Skype, FaceTime takes this number to 32.

There are Mail and Calendar apps on both MacOS and a Windows 10. Of course most people know Microsoft for Outlook, but the Office apps have to be bought separately.

Speaking of which, Mac users can download Apple’s word processor, spreadsheet and presentation apps for free. Windows users have to pay for the Office apps.

Maps is another app that appears on both macOS and Windows. Maps came to macOS with Mavericks back in 2013. Maps was available in Windows 8 and when Windows 10 launched Microsoft enhanced it. Both Maps have similar features, for example, they allow you to plot routes and view traffic. Microsoft has Streetside and the equivalent of Google’s Street View, the closest Apple gets to this is 3D maps, although the company is currently gathering data for a Street View style maps and we expect to see more by the autumn.

Both Apple and Microsoft include a Music app. Where Apple has iTunes Microsoft has the Groove music app, a music subscription service that was previously Xbox music. The Music app also combines your own music with any stored in your OneDrive Music folder.

Microsoft offers developers tools to help them convert Android and iOS apps, Apple, as we’ve said above, plans to make it easier for developers to convert iOS apps to be run on macOS and vice versa.

OneNote is available on Windows 10. It’s similar to Evernote in as much as you can add text, lists, images, maps and more to Notes. The closest to this on the Mac is Notes, which also lets you add the above, although it’s probably the case that most people don’t realise this.

Security

The Mac is generally considered to be safe and more secure than a PC. Apple has included a number of security measures that make attacking a Mac particularly challenging. These include: Gatekeeper, which blocks software that hasn’t been digitally approved by Apple from running on your Mac without your agreement; built anti-malware protection in the form of its malware scanning tool, Xprotect; Software that is approved by Apple is also Sandboxed, isolates apps from the critical system components of your Mac, your data and your other apps, so they shouldn't be able to access anything that could allow them to do any damage.

There's also anti-phishing technology in Safari that will detect fraudulent websites. It will disable the page and display an alert warning you if you visit a suspect website.

You'll also notice that plug-ins such as Adobe Flash Player, Silverlight, QuickTime and Oracle Java won't run if they aren't updated to the latest version – another way of ensuring your Mac is safe.

In addition to all that, FileVault 2 makes sure your data is safe and secure by encrypting it.

The Windows 10 Fall Creators update bought ransomware protection and added controlled folder access that “protects your files and folders from unauthorized changes by unfriendly applications.” A bit like the way that Mac apps are sandboxed.

This means that if unauthorized software attempts to access a protected Documents, Pictures, Movies, or Desktop folder, it’ll be blocked and you’ll be notified. You can choose to whitelist individual programs to access controlled folders, and you can manually protect folders that aren’t protected by default.

은둔

Apple generally has a good reputation when it comes to user privacy – its public refusal to back down when the FBI wanted its help breaking into a passcode-locked iPhone contributed to this – and it doubles down on privacy with a new feature that is available with macOS Sierra (and iOS 10): differential privacy.

In fact, it would be more accurate to state that differential privacy is an existing field of study that existed long before Apple took an interest; in this OS you see that field's developments incorporated into Apple's software.

Differential privacy is a mathematical approach to privacy that introduces random elements to harvested data sets in such a way that it becomes impossible for a researcher (in this case, Apple itself) to determine the preferences or behaviour of any single user.

Back in the 1960s, a coin flip would be used to add randomness: a researcher might ask, "Are you a member of the Communist Party?" The subject would secretly flip a coin. If it came up heads, they always answer "yes". If tails, they answer truthfully. This gives them plausible deniability, as neither the researcher nor any other party knows if the actual answer is truthful. With enough answers, the noise of that randomness can be calculated and removed to produce a relatively accurate distribution.

Differential privacy is effectively a modern, more complex version of the same idea. Instead of flipping a coin, a system adds sophisticated random values that produce a result that can't be reverse engineered.

For a much more detailed analysis of the concept, our colleagues at Macworld US have written an article: How differential privacy can crowdsource meaningful info without exposing your secrets.

macOS Sierra vs Windows 10: Privacy

Microsoft, meanwhile, has faced some questions over its approach to privacy. Much has been made of 'spyware' issues in Windows 10, and rightly so.

Windows 10 is the most connected, cloud-focused OS Microsoft has released. For the most part, this is a good thing: your settings, wallpaper, start menu configuration and other things can be synced across all your devices; Cortana needs to access personal data if you want to use its full capabilities, and OneDrive integration means your files are accessible from any computer, tablet or phone.

But negating these advantages is the issue of privacy. Among other ominous warnings, Microsoft's 12,000-word EULA says "we will access, disclose and preserve personal data… such as the content of your emails, other private communications or files in private folders" in order to "respond to valid legal process, including from law enforcement or other government agencies", to "prevent spam or attempts to defraud users", to "operate and maintain the security of our services" and "if we receive information indicating that someone is using our services to traffic in stolen intellectual or physical property of Microsoft".

That may sound worrying and certainly doesn't compare well to Apple's policies and track record. The good news, however, is that you can opt out of most features. You can choose to use a local instead of a Microsoft account, and if you use Microsoft Edge, you can set privacy options online to disable personalised ads and ad tracking. We'd prefer all these settings to be off by default, of course.

Compatibility

It's all very well talking about features, but can your system run Windows 10 or macOS High Sierra, or will you need to buy a new Mac or PC in order to install them?

macOS system requirements

The system requirements depend on the version of macOS you are running. Mojave, launched in 2018 and requires:

MacBook (Early 2015 or newer) MacBook Air (Mid 2012 or newer) MacBook Pro (Mid 2012 or newer) Mac mini (Late 2012 or newer) iMac (Late 2012 or newer) iMac Pro (2017) Mac Pro (Late 2013, plus mid-2010 and mid-2012 models with recommended Metal-capable GPU)

High Sierra, which launched in 2017, had the same system requirements as its predecessor, Sierra (2016), so Macs dating from 2010 or later should be able to run macOS High Sierra; a few 2009 models are allowed, too.

More specifically, High Sierra is compatible with:

MacBook (Late 2009 or later) MacBook Air (2010 or later) MacBook Pro (2010 or later) Mac mini (2010 or later) Mac Pro (2010 or later) iMac (Late 2009 or later)

Windows 10 system requirements

Windows 10 also has the same system requirements as its predecessor, Windows 8.1.

1GHz (or faster) processor 1GB RAM for 32-bit; 2GB for 64-bit Up to 20GB hard disk space 800 x 600 screen resolution or higher. DirectX 9 graphics processor with WDDM driver

Of course there is one big factor in favour of Windows when it comes to compatibility – you can install Windows on a Mac, but you can't install macOS on a Windows PC. Read about how to put Windows on your Mac here.

Precio

macOS is a free update for anyone on a compatible Mac, and it will remain free for the lifetime of the product. Mac operating systems have been free since the launch of OS X Mavericks in 2013.

Windows 10 was also a free upgrade until 29 July 2016 (from Windows 7 or 8) – but now you'll have to pay £99.99 for the Home version of Windows 10 and £189.99 for Windows 10 Pro. These are also the prices if you're upgrading from an Windows Vista or earlier.

This makes macOS macOS favourable, given that it's a free upgrade and doesn't cost any money for most users – apart from the actual cost of the Mac, of course.

Availability

macOS Mojave arrived in September 2018 and is available through the Mac App Store. For more on this, see How to update a Mac. There will likely be a new version of macOS launching in September 2019.

Windows 10 launched in July 2015 and has been updated twice a year ever since, in the spring and autumn. You can download it here: Windows 10 Home or Windows 10 Pro.

Verdict

A lot of PC users have got angry about Windows 10, mainly because of how heavy-handedly Microsoft has been pushing people to make the upgrade. Which is a shame, really, because Windows 10 is good: to quote our colleagues at PC Advisor – who should know – it's the best Windows yet. The new features combined with the familiarity of Windows 7 make it very attractive, and it's even better if you have several devices which can run Windows 10 – particularly a phone – because of the tight cross-device integration.

However, based on our experience of macOS, it's still Mac all the way for us. Maybe that was predictable all along, but Mojave and it's predecessors delivers on features – Siri is still a highlight, even if voice control on desktop is one area where Apple is catching up with Microsoft, while Apple Pay, Apple Watch unlocking and the ability to copy-and-paste across devices are clear wins – and the interface, despite Windows 10's strides forward remains far more intuitive, in our eyes at least.

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